Caribbean Island Guides: Grenada

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About Grenada
Isle of Spice as it is called because of the many spices produced here, it offers a variety of experiences. Famous for its wonderful beaches such as Grande Anse and the sheer beauty of the mountains, Grenada is perfect for family, couples, adventurers alike. The capital St.Georges with its horse shoe shaped harbour is a place of beauty. The beautiful Grenadine islands are within easy reach and the diving experiences are spectacular.
The "Isle of Spice" as it is called because of the importance of the spice trade to the island has an abundance of natural beauty. The famous Grande Anse Beach - two miles of beautiful sand is world famous. The mountainous volcanic terrain has created crater lakes and there is a variety of plant and animal life in the dwarf forests. The Grand Etang Lake and Forest Reserve is not to be missed. Beautiful waterfalls,boiling springs, sites of Amerindian remains, all of these are but a few of the wonderful natural attractions of the island. La Sagresse Nature Centre shows the diverse birdlife of the salt ponds and mangrove swamps.Grenada has two sister islands - Carriacou which has fine beaches and scenery, and Petite Martinque which is much smaller and is only recently being developed.
Many places of historical interest provide the visitor with a insight into the past of the island. Fort George near the capital is a fine example of military power, the town of St.George's with its fine natural harbor is well worth exploring. Visit the Cathedrals, the Carenage, the Market Square, Bay Gardens among other places. Further afield, a visit to the Grand Etang Lake and Forest Reserve is a fascinating experience. Nature centres and trails appeal to the nature lover. Visit the spice estates and the other smaller towns such as Gouyave. The beaches are perfect for relaxation and there are many related activities e.g. yachting, scuba diving etc. Walking and hiking is also popular and there is also golf,tennis etc, particularly at the hotels.
Grenada's early history follows the pattern of many of the other West Indian islands. Occupied first by Carib Indians and discovered by Columbus in 1498 who named the island "Concepcion". The Caribs stoutly resisted the efforts of the European powers to colonise the island. In 1650 after the Caribs suffered losses at the hands of the French, many leapt to their death rather than live under French domination. Even though the English regained control of the island, the French influence remains to this day in place names etc. In 1783 The British gained control of the island and sugar was established as the main source of revenue. Slaves from Africa worked the plantations, and in 1795 under the leadership of Julian Fedon they revolted against the system. Grenada was a part of the ill fated Federation of the West Indies during the late 50's/early 60's and today is an independent nation within the Commonwealth

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